New Democracy Maps

Bans on Guns in Polling Places

The 2020 election cycle saw an alarming increase in reports of intimidation against voters and election officials. Currently, no federal law prohibits the possession of firearms in polling places, and therefore this policy choice is left to the states. At present, the majority of states have no clear prohibition on bringing guns into polling places.
United States Map
Washington New York U.S. Virgin Islands Puerto Rico Guam Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands American Samoa New Hampshire Vermont Virginia Pennsylvania New York Maine West Virginia Ohio Kentucky Indiana Michigan Illinois Wisconsin North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee Georgia Florida Mississippi Missouri Arkansas Louisiana Iowa Minnesota Oklahoma Kansas Nebraska South Dakota North Dakota Texas 33 Colorado Wyoming Montana Idaho Arizona Utah Nevada Oregon California Hawaii Alaska Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut New Jersey Delaware Maryland Washington D.C. New Hampshire Vermont
  • State has a clear prohibition against guns in polling places  (11 states + D.C.)
  • State has no clear prohibition against guns in polling places  (39 states)
Recommended citation: Movement Advancement Project. "Bans on Guns in Polling Places." Accessed 09/27/2023.

Breakdown by Population

*Note: These percentages reflect the voting-eligible population, as reported by the United States Election Project.


43 % of voting-eligible population lives in states that have a clear prohibition against guns in polling places 


57 % of voting-eligible population lives in states that have no clear prohibition against guns in polling places

Data current as of 09/20/2023
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Sexual Orientation Policy Tally

The term “sexual orientation” is loosely defined as a person’s pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to people of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or more than one sex or gender. Laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation primarily protect or harm lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. That said, transgender people who are lesbian, gay or bisexual can be affected by laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation.

Gender Identity Policy Tally

“Gender identity” is a person’s deeply-felt inner sense of being male, female, or something else or in-between. “Gender expression” refers to a person’s characteristics and behaviors such as appearance, dress, mannerisms and speech patterns that can be described as masculine, feminine, or something else. Gender identity and expression are independent of sexual orientation, and transgender people may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual. Laws that explicitly mention “gender identity” or “gender identity and expression” primarily protect or harm transgender people. These laws also can apply to people who are not transgender, but whose sense of gender or manner of dress does not adhere to gender stereotypes.

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